Effective Micro-organisms Ltd aims to raise the awareness of sustainability by promoting the use of Bokashi (Fermented Compost) increasing soil organic matter and improving soil health thereby optimising crop yields and quality.
Restoring soil health and structure is high on the agenda of many farmers. Soil organic matter has declined dramatically in many soils in recent years and rebuilding the soil’s “battery” is key to promoting better soil biology and structure and improved efficiency of inputs.
One beneficial source of organic matter for farmers is compost but recent work has shown that during the composting process around 60% of the valuable organic matter is lost as CO2. An alternative to traditional “hot” composting is an anaerobic fermentation developed by EM Ltd and known as Bokashi composting. Bokashi fermentation utilises the beneficial EM micro-organisms in Actiferm, a ready to use microbial activator.
This simple six week process retains 97% of the organic matter so producing more humous for the soil microbes to feed on. Bokashi fermentation takes place at ambient temperatures whilst traditional composting raises the temperature to 60 oC, resulting in 27 times less CO2 been produced per tonne of Bokashi product than for the traditional compost.
Bokashi fermentation is a simple one step process and saves on cost, labour and fuel, unlike traditional composting which needs frequent turning. It also reduces the carbon foot print of composting and produces more humous for better yields.
Bokashi is rich in organic matter and beneficial micro-organisms and is being increasingly used in the UK and Europe to improve soil fertility.